Wisaka Bucha is on Monday, June 4th, 2012. This is a national holiday and banks and government offices are closed. Temple schools may hold half-day celebrations and have the children march in a parade to various Buddhist temples and shrines in the nearby neighborhood. Most other schools will be closed for the day. This holiday celebrates the anniversary of Buddha attaining enlightenment 2,600 years ago. Note that holiday this is sometimes spelled Vesakha, Vesaka, or Vesak. In Thai, there is no “V” consonant or sound, and the name is spelled with ว which is a “w” sound.
Beginning of Wisaka Bucha
For many, this holiday begins early, starting on Friday, June 1st, when they begin taking on more precepts, and attuning their minds to the Buddhist path and message.
Events on Wisaka Bucha
For devout Buddhists, this is a day for visiting the temple, to bring flowers and offerings, and to meditate and listen to sermons. In the evenings there is often a candlelit procession, and the devotees will walk around the main shrine of the temple three times, celebrating the triple jewel of Buddhism – the Buddha, his teaching (Dhamma), and the monkhood (Sangha). Many places also have a tradition where a statue of the baby Buddha, kept at the temple, is blessed by bathing it with water. At this time many devout Buddhists will observe not merely the five precepts that all lay people are supposed to observe on a daily basis, but an additional three precepts, namely: not eating anything after mid-day, not wearing bright clothes, jewelry, or perfume, and not using a soft chair or bed. At this time such Buddhists usually wear white clothing. There are also more secular entertainments associated with this festival, including parties and parades. Nevertheless, the main focus is on religious observance, with particular emphasis given to mediation on the teachings of the Buddha. In line with this, visitors may find that pubs and bars are closed on this day, and that restaurants may not serve alcohol.
The Meaning of Wisaka Bucha
Wisaka Bucha (วันวิสาขบูชา), pronounced Wisakha Bucha in Thai, is the most important religious holiday in the Buddhist calendar. It celebrates the birth, enlightenment and passing away of the Buddha. According to the Theravada Buddhist traditions observed in South East Asian countries, these three events all took place on the same day of the year, the full moon day of the Indian lunar month of Wisaka. Thus, the Buddha’s enlightenment took place on his thirty-fifth birthday and he passed away on his eightieth birthday. Wisaka, the sixth lunar month, usually falls in May, and in 2011 it will be celebrated in Thailand on Tuesday, May 17. In 2012 it takes place on Monday, June 4. In most Buddhist countries, including Thailand, it is an official public holiday. Note that in some countries the month counted as Wesaka can vary. For example sometimes the Cambodian calendar is different from the Thai calendar by a lunar month.